The agrarian nature and rich alluvial soil found in most parts of the state makes Taraba conductive and cultivate of all types of food and crops. Its agrarian economy can sustain the Nation in terms of food production. The following crops are grown in large scale in Taraba state.
I. Arable Crops: Cassava, Yams, Potatoes, (sweet/Irish) Cocoyam, rice, maize, cotton, cowpea, millet, sorghum, ground nut oil, sesame, and soya bean.
II. Plantation/fruit: Sugar cane, coffee, tea, cocoa, coconut, palm produce, citrus, mango, apple and tomato.
2. Livestock: The state has vast lushly grassland and supports cattle grazing. The Mambila Plateau along grazes well over one million herds of cattle. It is estimated that the state has three million herds of cattle, the largest in Nigeria. Other livestock reared in the state include sheep, goat, pigs and poultry. The state therefore has great potentials for milk/diary production as well as hides and skin.
3. Fishery: The various rivers/pounds and Taraba hold great potentials for the development of fisheries.
4. Forestry: The southern part of the state is densely forested. Kurmi LGA in particular contains primordial and exotic African timber hardly found now elsewhere in the world. It is the location of the Baissa Timber Company which has enough reserve to last about one hundred years.
Taraba has large quantities of mineral deposits that are yet to be explored and lapped.
These include the following;
i. Graphite Gashaka
ii. Calcite Ibi, Lau, Yorro
iii. Barites Ibi, Wukari, Karim-Lamido, lau
iv. Quarzite Ardo-Kola, Gashaka, Sardauna
v. Tin Ore Sardauna, Gashaka
vi. Gold Kurmi, Sardauna, Gashaka
- Bauxite Sardauna,
- Kaolin Sardauna
ix. Zirco Takum, Ussa
x. Topaz Takum, Ussa
xi. Various Gemstones Donga, Sardauna, Yorro, Gashaka,
Kurmi and Karim-Lamido
- Galena Wukari, Karim-Lamido
- Muscovite Takum, Ussa, Gashaka
- Uranium Yorro, Zing