Diabetes also known as diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that results in too much sugar in the blood (high blood glucose). Diabetes is a disease that affects women, men as well as children and the ninth leading cause of death in women globally, causing 2.1 million deaths each year.
Socioeconomic inequalities expose women to the main risk factors of diabetes, including poor diet and nutrition, physical inactivity, tobacco consumption and harmful use of alcohol.
Two out of every five women with diabetes are of reproductive age, accounting for over 60 million women worldwide. Women with diabetes have more difficulty conceiving and may have poor pregnancy outcomes. Without pre-conception planning, type 1 and type 2 diabetes can result in a significantly higher risk of maternal and child mortality and morbidity.