By Sardauna Local Government Stakeholders.
We are disturbed by the sad events on the Mambilla Plateau and condemn in strong terms the outbreak of communal unrest between grazers and farmers on 17 June 2017, which started in Nguroje Village Area and spread to other parts of the Mambilla Plateau resulting in the loss of lives and properties.
It is a well-known fact that between 30 December 2001 and 2002, certain armed Fulani militia invaded the Mambilla villages of Leme Yirima, Tunga Lugere, Damu etc where 7 Moslems of Mambilla extraction were murdered in the mosque during morning prayers at Leme Yirima, and this attack escalated to other parts of the Plateau which resulted in wanton destruction of lives and properties.
That attack by the Fulani militia was an attempt to dispossess the Mambilla of their ancestral land. This attracted the attention of the State, Federal Government and the International Community, particularly the United Nations. The crises led to the flight of many people from the area to Cameroon and other parts of Nigeria as refugees.
This also led to a fact-finding mission made up of the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) in collaboration with the State and Federal Government in an effort to reconcile and resettle the refugees and internally displaced persons. Consequently, the UNCHR recommended that for a lasting solution to the grazers-farmers crises, a peace reconciliation committee made up of stakeholders of all the tribes on the Mambilla Plateau be constituted.
Accordingly, the then Governor of Taraba State, H.E Rev. Jolly Nyame directed the Local Government Council to constitute the said committee, which was headed by the then Local Government Chairman Transition Committee, Alh. Aliyu Jibo, a Fulani man. The Ten-member committee consisted of representatives of all the tribes. At the end of the committee’s meeting (which held from 7-8 June 2003), a communique which identified the problems and proffered solutions to the crises was issued to the Government for implementation. The problem identified by the Committee were as follows:
“4.0 The Meeting identified the following as the major problems that militated against the coexistence.
- Land conflict was identified as one of the major sources of conflict between the farmers and grazers.
- Improper allocation of land by the authorities.
- Illegal occupation of land by farmers and grazers.
- Tribalism, hatred, rumor-mongering, oppression, and suppression by the rich.
- Political differences/lack of justice.
The meeting resolved and recommended the following as solutions for peaceful co-existence.
- The state government and Local Government should constitute a high-powered committee to revisit the issue of land allocation in Sarduana Local Government using the existing laws.
- a.) All lands illegally occupied during and after the crises should be vacated under the supervision of the Local Government.
b.) All lands properly allocated by the Local Government Land Committee should be upheld under the supervision of the Local Government.
c.) All lands illegally occupied by both farmers and grazers before the crises should be referred to the high-powered committee for proper redistribution.
d.) All land matters should be handled by the high-powered committee and/or the Local Government instead of the military personnel.
e.) In the spirit of give-and-take, those who have much land should give those in need (farmers and grazers).
3. The leadership of the Local Government, Village Heads, Religious leaders, Opinion Leaders etc should preach to their subjects against tribalism, hatred, rumour-monergism, suppression, oppression, political differences and injustice and live by example as enjoined by the two holy books (the Koran and the Bible).
4. Considering the population, terrain, land mass and the army of unemployed youth, there is the need to create more Local Governments, Chiefdoms, and districts from the present Sardauna Local Government.
5. The meeting also resolved that the purported petition written to His Excellency by the Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association dated 1st June 2003 be disregarded by His Excellency as the contents were already discussed.
6. It was also agreed that from then henceforth anybody who breaches the law, no matter his position, should be punished in accordance with the law to ensure justice to all.
7. In the spirit of give-and-take, the meeting agreed that all concerned should forgive each other and forget their past differences and live together in peace and harmony with each other as family.”
For the avoidance of doubt, members of the committee as constituted were as follows:
- Hon. Alh. Bakari Dan Jatau – Kaka (Chairman).
- Rev. Zechariah Yieju (JP) – Mambilla – Member
- S.M Vakude – Mambilla – Member
- Alh. Labaran Mijinyawa – Hausa – Member
- Mr. Linus Ngah – Panso – Member
- Mr Joseph Donatus –Kambu – Member
- Alh. Hassan Ardo – Fulani – Member
- viii. Mal. Idrisu Nalalle – Fulani – Member
- Dr. Umaru Bakari Dorofi – Fulani – Secretariat
- Aliyu Umaru Njeke – Mambilla – Secretariat
This was done under Alh. Aliyu A. Jibo (Fulani man), who was the then Chairman, Transition Committee of the Local Government, who countersigned the Communique.
From the above, the Committee had five (5) Hausa-Fulanis, three (3) Mambilla, one (1) Kaka, one (1) Panso and one (1) Kambu.
It is of interest that while other recommendations of the above committee were immediately implemented, the fundamental recommendations that:
“The State Government and Local Government should constitute a high-powered committee to revisit the issue of land allocation in Sardauna Local Government using the existing Laws”.
“All land matters should be handled by the high-powered committee and/or the Local Government instead of the military personnel”.
“In the spirit of give-and-take, those who have much land should give those in need (farmers and grazers)”.
“All lands illegally occupied by both farmers and graziers before the crisis should be referred to the high-powered Committee for proper redistribution”,
…were never implemented by the previous governments until the constitution of the Justice Nuhu Adi Judicial Commission of Inquiry by His Excellency, the Executive Governor of Taraba State, Arch. Darius Dickson Ishaku on 13th June this year, 2017.
It can be recalled that on 10th May 2017, the Taraba State House of Assembly adopted a resolution that culminated in the constitution of a House Ad-Hoc Committee on Communal Crisis between Armed Herdsmen and Farmers in Takum and Ussa Local Government Areas and Alleged Security Threats in Nguroje State Constituency, which in its report also recommended:
“That a Judicial Panel of Inquiry be set up by the Government to investigate and scrutinize how lands are acquired on the Mambilla Plateau. And also investigate the way and manner certificates of occupancy and grazing permits are issued to individuals with a view to addressing the situation”.
Prior to this, there have been pockets of crisis between farmers and graziers, which were known to security men and series of meetings and consultations were held by stakeholders of the ethnic groups from Sardauna Local Government to douse the rising tension in the area.
Furthermore, Government convened a meeting of the representatives of the ethnic groups of the Mambilla Plateau (Mambilla, Kaka, and Hausa-Fulani) in the EXCO Chamber, Government House, Jalingo, where they aired their grievances, resolved to live in peace and pledged to work with the Judicial Commission to be constituted by Government.
Immediate Causes of the Crisis
- While the Judicial Commission has invited memos from the general public and/or those concerned, two Mambilla Community Leaders were arrested in Nguroje at the instance of the Fulani over a matter that was the very subject of the Judicial Commission’s investigation.
- Following the arrest of the said Mambilla Community Leaders and the resultant tension in Nguroje, the Local Government Council Chairman, Hon. John B. Yep, visited Nguroje to calm frayed nerves only to be attacked by a Fulani gunman who fired gunshots at the Council Chairman, shattered his windscreen and narrowly missing assassinating him.
These two incidents shattered the peaceful atmosphere in the area and created much alarm among the people thereby sparking off the unrest that immediately ensued.
- Again, the Fulani killing of innocent Mambilla and Kaka people in Mayo Sina, and the complete decimation of the Mambilla Villages of Lijire and Damu whose dead bodies and injured inhabitants were evacuated to Gembu General Hospital incised the people and sparked further unrest as a reaction to the killings by Fulani militia that were going on uncontrolled in those villages.
This action of the Fulanis is an apparent disregard for the Judicial Commission that was preparing to look into the subject of dispute in the area. It is clear that the masterminds of the arrest and the gunfire incident in Nguroje deliberately did so to create unrest, undermine and frustrate the Judicial Commission’s work that was already in the process.
Correcting Public Misconception
We are dismayed by the flood of misinformation being churned out to the public about the crisis by the Fulani leaders.
- The Fulanis falsely claim that only the Fulanis were either killed or maimed in the crisis. This is far from the truth. Many people around Lijire, Damu and mayo Sina villages are yet to be accounted for.
Ligire and damu are Mambilla villages which were completely wiped out by the Fulani Militia and these villages contain hundreds of inhabitants. There are unaccountable number of dead and wounded Mambilla people inside those villages. Are the Fulani Leaders saying that these are not human beings that were killed?
- The Fulanis also claim that only Fulani properties were destroyed. However, facts on the ground show that that the Mambilla and Kaka people also lost their properties in the crisis.
It must be noted that the Mambilla and Kaka communities are unarmed and defenseless in the face of armed herdsmen marauding the villages. It is clear that the armed Fulanis want to wipe out these defenseless villages.
- The Fulani leaders also went on air to state that a certain politician was fuelling the crisis. This is deliberately vague. All tribes on the Mambilla plateau have prominent politicians including the Fulanis who hold almost all the Federal appointments from the Mambilla Plateau.
- The Fulani also misled the world by stating that over 300 Fulani communities were razed to the ground. This is a great deceit because the entire Mambilla Plateau has only 43 village Areas; about 40 of which are Mambilla and Kaka village areas. Where did the Fulanis get their over 300 communities?
- The Fulani leaders also engaged in savage deceit when they showed photographs of the victims of the bomb blast in Adamawa some time back as pictures from the Mambilla crisis.
Their strategy in the crisis is causing maximum deception to the public.
- We are surprised that there has suddenly been a prompt response from the security forces to the Fulani call for their deployment. This response from the security is unprecedented in the history of the armed herdsmen crisis in Nigeria.
Within just 48 hours, the Taraba State Police Commissioner has temporally relocated his office to Gembu on the Mambilla Plateau, a Hausa-Fulani GOC of the Army has been moved to the Mambilla Plateau and an army battalion have been moved in.
At the same time, a military surveillance helicopter has been dispatched to the Mambilla Plateau and is hovering over the Mambilla Plateau to protect the Fulanis.
This is a sharp contrast to the army’s refusal to respond to calls for intervention in the mass murder perpetrated by the Fulani herdsmen against the defenseless people of Takum, Ussa, Lau, Donga, Bali and Yorro Local Government Areas of Taraba State.
Similarly, the genocide committed against the villages in Agatu in Benue State, Southern Kaduna, Kogi, Ekiti and Delta State, etc NEVER attracted the army’s response despite the nationwide outcry.
The security forces have never been drafted in the swift manner we now see in the Plateau. We suspect that this is a plot to annihilate the people of the area using security forces, as their entry into the area is in swift response to the Fulani call.
Why did the army not take swift action in the long assault and killing of people in Agatu and all other places mentioned above? Are those killed in those places, not human beings? This is outrightly baffling!
- We call on the security agencies to immediately end the selective and arbitrary arrests and protection of individuals and particular groups in the ongoing crisis.
In the first place, they were used by certain persons to spark off the current crisis and must do all it takes to restore the people’s confidence in their intervention.
- The Taraba State Government should expand the scope of inquiry of the just-constituted Justice Nuhu Adi Judicial Commission of Inquiry into the land crisis on the Mambilla Plateau to include investigation of the remote and immediate causes of the latest outbreak of communal crisis in Nguroje Constituency, the persons instigating it, and to recommend appropriate punishment for those found wanting.
- Finally, we appeal to the people of the Mambilla Plateau to be patient and embrace peace for the overall development of the Mambilla Plateau and Taraba State at large.
- Mohammed A. Tepsi
- Ismaila D. M
- Marcus Bovoa
For all and on behalf of Sardauna Local Government Stakeholders.