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10 Facts You Should Know About Food Poisoning

Symptoms of Food Poisoning
Symptoms of Food Poisoning

Food poisoning is an illness caused by eating contaminated food. It’s not usually serious and most people get better within a few days  without serious treatment. This was the case of Silas and Yemi.

These Corp members serving in Taraba State decided to visit a fast food joint around Abuja Phase 1, Jalingo in order to eat dinner. After a seemingly nice dish of Indomie and eggs garnished with onions, they left for home, apparently satisfied.

At about 3.am, Silas started experiencing some rumbling in his stomach which gradually developed into a stomach ache and subsequently, a running stomach.

At about 5.am, Yemi joined him with the same experience and within an hour, he had visited the restroom for up to four times. Both of them became so weak and dizzy, however, none of them could figure out what was wrong except the fact that they had both eaten the same meal last night.

This portrays a typical case of food poisoning and the following are things you should know about it;

  1. The symptoms of food poisoning usually begin within one to two days of eating contaminated food, although they may start at any point between a few hours and several weeks later.
  2. Food poisoning can be caused by activities of pathogens like bacteria, parasites or viruses that can be found on almost all of the food that humans eat.
  3. Foods eaten raw are common sources of food poisoning because they don’t go through the cooking process. Meat, eggs, and dairy products are frequently contaminated.
  4. Thoroughly cook meat and eggs, and anything that comes in contact with raw products should be sanitised before using it to prepare other foods.
  5. Ensure that you always wash fruits and vegetables before serving.Water may also be contaminated with organisms that cause illness.
  6. Sometimes food comes in contact with the organisms in faecal matter. This happens mostly when a person preparing food doesn’t wash their hands before cooking, therefore, ensure that you always wash your hands before cooking or eating food. Make sure that your food is properly sealed and stored.
  7. Statistically speaking, nearly everyone will come down with food poisoning at least once in their lives, however, pregnant women, the elderly and children are more at risk of getting down with food poisoning.
  8. Symptoms of Food Poisoning
    Symptoms of Food Poisoning

    Symptoms of food poisoning include Abdominal cramps, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Loss of appetite, mild fever, weakness, nausea, and headaches. In severe cases Diarrhea persisting for more than three days,a fever higher than 101.5°F difficulty seeing or speaking, symptoms of severe dehydration, which may include dry mouth, passing little to no urine, and difficulty keeping fluids down
    If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.

  9. If you have food poisoning, it’s crucial to remain properly hydrated. Oral Rehydration Salt (ORS) or Sports drinks high in electrolytes can be helpful with this. Fruit juice and coconut water can restore carbohydrates and help with fatigue, then get plenty of rest.
  10. Avoid caffeine and in severe cases, hydration with intravenous fluids may be required.

Now you know, take necessary precaution and do not hesitate to seek medical attention if the situation persists.

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