Prostate Cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths among men in the world today. However, until recently, many people never heard or knew what it meant as most men died without knowing they had the disease.
Do you want to know more? Then read on.
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland in the male reproductive system found under the bladder and covers the upper part of the urethra. It, however, grows with age and makes most of the semen that carries sperm.
One is said to have Cancer when cells in the body begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer cells, and can spread to other areas of the body.
Prostate cancer, therefore, is a situation where cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably, and the condition is usually very gradual often causing no symptoms until it is in an advanced stage.
When prostate cancer begins to grow quickly or spreads outside the prostate,it is dangerous, however, when it is detected early, that is when it is still found in the prostate gland, then it can be treated with very good chances of survival.
Cancer that has spread beyond the prostate (such as to the bones, lymph nodes, and lungs) is not curable, but it may be controlled for many years.
Facts on Prostate Cancer
1.Prostate cancer affects mostly elderly men, 60 years and above.
2. Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas i.e cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids.
3.Experts have reported that the disease starts with tiny alterations in the shape and size of the prostate gland cells.
4.Medical practitioners have revealed that nearly 50% of all 50-year-old men have PIN, the acronym for Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia which is a precancerous condition in which the cells do not seem to have moved elsewhere, though the changes can be seen under a microscope.
5.The early signs of prostate cancer are; frequent urination especially at night, difficulty in passing urine,
difficulty in emptying the bladder at once, blood in the urine, painful urination, painful ejaculation as well as difficulty in achieving or maintaining an erection.
When you experience these signs, seek medical help fast!
In its advanced stage, prostate cancer symptoms may include;
Pain in the bone, often in the spine, pelvis, or ribs, and the proximal part of the thighbone, weakness in the legs, urinary incontinence, and faecal incontinence.
Most of these occur when cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord.
Though nobody is particularly sure of what the causes of prostate cancer are, there are so many possible factors, including age, race, lifestyle, medications, genetics, lack of vitamin D, obesity and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Prevention they say is better than cure, therefore the first step to preventing the disease or nip it in the bud will be by regular check up and taking medicines to treat a precancerous condition or to keep cancer from starting, changing lifestyle or eating habits, and avoiding things known to cause cancer.
Now that you have this knowledge about Prostate Cancer, what are you waiting for, get yourself checked before it is too late.
Remember, a stitch in time, saves nine!