Most people eat it raw, some eat cooked (in form of sauce) while others make salad from it. The form of eating the garden egg seems endless in our communities.
The garden eggplant, apart from being a source of vegetable, has numerous health benefits which are essential for the overall development of the human body. Its acceptability cut across religious, tribal, cultural and ethnic groups in Nigeria, hence the wide usage of the garden eggplant not only in Taraba, but also in the country.
Garden egg is botanically called solanum melangent, garden egg is an economic flowering plant belonging to the family solanaceae and widely distributed throughout the temperate and tropical regions.
Members are mostly herbaceous plants, the fruit is berry and the seeds have large endosperm and are grown mainly for food and medicinal purposes.
According to Dr. Ndubuisi Nwakakwa, Deputy Provost Graduate administration. Federal college of complementary and alternative medicine, Ikosi, Ketu, Lagos, and Consultant Acupuncturist at Green Leeres Clinic and Acupuncture Centre, kesamanga, Lagos; ‘A high level of blood cholesterol level, more particularly low-density Tipoprotein cholesterol, is a primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease, such as stroke and heart disease. Garden egg has the power of reducing these risks.’
According to him, when compared to apple and oatsa garden eggplant is more helpful for reducing cholesterol. Its raw form contain calories per 100gm but rises when dried.
When cooked in oil, it contains more than 300 calories due to absorption of extra fat. In addition, he stated that ‘even though garden egg is generally said not to contain huge amount of protein and other nutrients. It is low in sodium and very rich in dietary fiber, it is also high in in potassium, a necessary salt that helps in maintaining the function of the heart and regulates blood pressure.
Being a member of vegetable family, it contains nutrients that include beta carotene, vitamins B6E and foliate calcium, iron, and magnesium fibers.
Below are other health benefits of garden eggplant:
- A good source of dietary fiber.
- Cardio protective.
- Natural source of B vitamins like thiamin, niacin, B6 and pantothenic acid.
- Cholesterol control.
- Improves digestive system.
- Low calorie good for weight management.
- Good for skin and hair.
- Beneficial for constipation due to high fiber.
- Improve blood circulation.
- Good for colon health.
- Bone strengthening minerals.
- Regulates blood sugar.